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A List of Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) : Chronological Overview

Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948): Chronological Overview
 
In South Africa : 1893-1914
1893 Departure of Gandhi to South Africa, Experiences racial Discrimination in various forms: a famous incidence – Gandhi was thrown off the first class compartment of the train at Pietermaritaburg station (07 June)
1894 Foundation of Natal Indian Congress.
1899 Foundation of Indian Ambulance Core during Boer Wars.
1904 Foundation of Indian Opinion (magazine) and  Phoenix Farm at Phoenix near Durban.
1906 First Civil Disobedience Movement (Satyagraha) against Asiatic Ordinance in Transvaal.
1907  Satyagraha against Compulsory Registration and Passes for Asians (The Black Act) in Transvaal.
1908 Trial and imprisonment-Johannesburg Jail (First Jail Term)
1910 Foundation of Tolstoy Farm (Later Gandhi Ashrama) near Johannesburg.
1913 Satyagraha against derecognition of non Christian marriage in Cape Town.
1914 Quits South Africa Forever and returns to India, Awarded Kaisar-i-Hind for raising an Indian Ambulance Core during Boer wars.
In India : 1915-48
1915 Arrived in Bombay (Indian) on 9 Jan, 1915; Foundation of Satyagraha Ashrama at Kocharab near Ahmedabad (20 May); In 1917, Ashrama shifted at the banks of Sabarmati; All India tour.
1916 Delivered a speech on the occassion of opening ceromony of Banaras Hindu University-BHU (04 Feb.), Abstain from active politics (though he attended Lucknow session of INC held in 36-30 Dec., 1916, where Raj Kumar Shukla, a cultivator from Bihar, requested him to come to Champaran.)
1917 Gandhi entered active politics with Champaran campaign to redress grievances of the cultivators oppressed by Indigo planters of Bihar (April 1917). Champaran Satyagraha was his first Civil Disobedience Movement in India.
1918 In Feb. 1918, Gandhi launched the struggle in Ahmedabad which involved industrial workers. Hunger strike as a weapon was used for the first time by Gandhi during Ahmedabad struggle. In March 1918, Gandhi worked for peasants of Kheda in Gujarat who were facing difficulties in paying the rent owing to failure of crops. Kheda Satayagraha was his first Non-Cooperation Movement.
1919 Gandhi gave a call for Satyagraha against the Rowlatt Act on April 6, 1919 and took the command of the nationalist movement for the first time (First all-India Political  Movement), Gandhi returns Kaisar-i-Hind gold medal as a protest against Jallianwala Bagh massacre-April 13, 1919; The All India Khilafat Conference elected Gandhi as its president (Nov. 1919, Delhi).
1920-22 Gandhi leads the Non-Cooperation and Khilafat Movement (Aug. 1, 1920-Feb, 1922), Gandhi calls off Movement (Feb. 12, 1922) after the violent incident at Chauri-Chaura  on Feb. 5, 1922. Non-Cooperation Movement was the First mass based politics under Gandhi.
1924 Belgaum (Karnataka) session of INC-for the first and the last time Gandhi was elected the president of the Congress.
1925-27 Gandhi retires from active politics for the first time and devotes himself to 'constructive programme' of the Congress; Gandhi resumes active politics in 1927.
1930-34 Gandhi launches the Civil Disobedience Movement With his Dandi march/SaltSatyagraha (First Phase : March 12, 1930-March 5, 1931; Gandhi-Irwin Pact: March 5, 1931; Gandhi attends the Second Round Table Conference in London as sole representative of the Congress : Sep. 7 – Dec. 1, 1931; Second Phase : Jan. 3, 1932 – April 17, 1934)
1934-39 Gandhi retires from active politics sets up Sevagram (Vardha Ashram).
1939 Gandhi resumes active politics.
1940-41 Gandhi launches Individual Satyagraha Movement.
1942 Call to Quit India Movement  for which Gandhi raised the slogan, 'Do or Die' (We shall either free India or die in the attempt), Gandhi and all  Congress leaders arrested (Aug. 9, 1942).
1942-44 Gandhi kept in detention at the Aga Khan Palace, near Pune (Aug.9, 1942 – May, 1944), Gandhi lost his wife Kasturba (Feb. 22, 1944) and private secretary Mahadev Desai; this was Gandhi's last prison term.
1945 Gandhi's influence on the congress wanes perceptively after 1945.
1946 Deeply distressed by the orgy of communal violence, as a result Muslim League's Direct Action call, Gandhi travelled to Noakhali (East Bengal-now Bangladesh) and later on to calcutta to restore communal peace.
1947 Gandhi, deeply distressed by the Mountbatten Plan/Partition Plan (June 3, 1947), while staying in Calcutta to restore communal violence, observes complete silence on the dawn of  India's Independence (Aug. 15, 1947) Gandhi returns to Delhi (Sep. 1947).
1948 Gandhi was shot dead by Nathu Ram Godse, a member of RSS, while on his way to the evening prayer meeting at Birla House, New Delhi (Jan. 30, 1948). He died, with 'Hey Ram' on his lips.

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