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A List of Important Battles

S. No. Name of the Battle  Year  Between  Winner  Significance
1. Battle of Hydaspes 326 BC Alexander and Porus Alexander Fought on the bank of the Jehlum, which is called 'Hydaspes' in Greek; opened relations between India and the West.
2. Kalinga War 260 BC Ashoka and King of Kalinga Ashoka Vast destruction and bloodshed changed the attitude of Ashoka and the embraced Buddhism.
3. First Battle of Tarain of Thaneswar 1191 AD Prithviraj Chauhan and Mohd Ghori Prithiviraj Chauhan  
4. Second Battle of Tarain 1192 AD -do- Mohd. Ghori Establishment of an Islamic empire in India
5. First Battle of Panipat 1526 AD Ibrahim Lodhi and Babur Babur Onset of the Mughal empire in India
6. Battle of Khanwa 1527 AD Babur and Rana Sanga Babur  
7. Battle of Chausa 1539 AD Sher Shah and Humayun Sher Shah Sher Shah became emperor of India.
8. Second Battle of Panitpat 1556 AD Akbar and Hemu Akbar Ended Afghan rule, strengthened mughal rule
9. Battle of Talikota 1565 AD Combined force of 4 Muslim rulers of Deccan and Ramraja of Vijayanagar Muslim forces Destroyed Hindu kingdom of the Deccan; sealed the fortunes of Vijayanagar empire.
10. Battle of Haldighati 1576 AD Rana Pratap and Akbar Akbar Rana Pratap fought gallantly and took refuge in a remote fortress.
11. Battle of Samugarh 1659 AD Aurangzeb and Imperial forces led by Data Aurangzeb Aurangzeb captured the Mughal throne.
12. Battle of Plassey 1757 AD Sirajuddaula and English forces under Clive English forces fought at Plassey. The English became masters of Bengal; foundation of British rule.
13. Third Battle of Panipat 1763 AD Ahmed Shah Abdali and Marathas Ahmed Shah Abdali Gave a setback to Marathas in the north; sealed destiny of Mughal empire and made British entry easier.
14. Battle of Buxar 1764 AD Joint forces of Muslim and English forces English forces Led to English occupation of India.
15. Third Mysore War 1790-1792 AD English forces and Tipu Sultan English forces Tipu Sultan had to sign treaty of the Seringapattam. 
16. Fourth Mysore War 1799 AD English forces and Tipu Sultan English forces Fought at Malavali and brought the Mohammedan dynasty of Mysore to end.
17. Second Sikh War 1848-1849 AD English forces and Sikhs English forces Sikh kingdom came under the British.

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